Cyber Security and Data Protection Bill : Commentary

  1. The Cyber Security and Data Protection Bill [H.B. 18, 2019] was published in the Zimbabwean Government Gazette of Friday 15 May 2020[1] after numerous false starts,[2] and this is an analysis of the Bill with particular attention to the Bill’s alignment with:


  1. The Constitution of Zimbabwe (2013), and
  2. International Standards, and
  3. Comparable statutes from other jurisdictions.


  1. The introduction of this Bill to the legislative process is part of Government’s declared media law reform agenda.  On 12 February 2019, Information, Publicity and Broadcasting Services Minister Monica Mutsvangwa announced that as part of its media law reform and alignment of laws with the Constitution processes, Government had resolved to repeal the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act (AIPPA). 

[1] Vol. Vol. XCVIII, No. 46.

[2] The initial draft dates as far back as 2016, when the proposed law was identified as “The Cybercrime, Cybersecurity Bill,” which was approved by the Zimbabwean Cabinet in February 2019.   In October 2019, Cabinet approved an updated version known as “The Cyber Crime, Security and Data Protection Bill.”  The version, under review in this commentary, is the Cyber Security and Data Protection Bill (of 15 May 2020).


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